Research Proposal 2.0

I intend to study how the New Deal affected families in Wisconsin during 1933 to 1941. I plan on doing this by concentrating on the Works Projects Administration (WPA) in Milwaukee.

Research Question:
The question that is making me interested in this topic is, how did the Works Projects Administration effect families in Milwaukee with the toy loan centers that were created for the children that had parents in WPA programs. What I want to find out about this project is what type of programs the children's' parents were in, and how other families were effected by the toy loan program. The types of answers that I am trying to search for are that the families that were able to participate in the program were able to provide for their families better then those without the program.

Historical Context:
At the same time this was going on President Roosevelt was creating more public programs to help get the country out of the Depression. Also at this time there is military buildups around the world in Europe and Asia.
Historiographical Context:
Historians have not written much on this topic, but what they have written is that the children needed something to help them be children during the hard times of The Depression.

Annotated Bibliography of Secondary Sources:
Conkin, Paul K. The New Deal. ed. 2. Edited by John Hope Franklin and Abraham S. Eisenstadt. Arlington Heights, Illinois: Harlan Davidson Inc, 1975.
This book discusses the different programs that were created by the WPA that helped people escape from the stresses of not working and providing services to other Americans.
Flanagan, Hallie. Arena. Edited by William E. Leuchtenburg. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.
This book describes the extreme conditions that citizens were in during the depression and how no matter what was done it was wrong.
McCarthy, Dennis. "Toy loans teaching kids integrity." LA Daily News, October 20, 2008.
This column discusses how the program got started, by shoplifters, and how in LA it is still running smoothly.
Pawasarat, John, Lois M. Quinn, Laura Serebin. Jobs for Workers on Relief in Milwaukee County, 1930-1994. Employment and Training Institute Division of Outreach and Continuing Education Extension, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, February 1995.
This paper discusses the different programs and jobs that the WPA created.
Daryl Webb. "Scooter, Skates, and Dolls: Toys Against Delinquency in Milwaukee." Wisconsin Magazine of History. vol. 87 no.4. (2004) : 2-13.
This article discusses the Toy Loan Project that was created in 1938 to help the children in Milwaukee County get by during the Depression. This project was created to help curb juvenile crime in the county.
Wecter, Dixon. The Age of the Great Depression, 1929-1941. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1948.
How under the WPA the moral of the American citizen grew, there was a new sense of pride.

Annotated Bibliography of Primary Sources:
Chicago WPA workers. "personal Reactions of Assignees to WPA in Chicago." Interviewed by Bristol, Margaret C. Social Service Review (March 1938)
How families were effected by the pay of the WPA and the conditions that they were forced to life in.
Children in Urban America. Play and Leisure Photo Gallery.
http://www.marquette.edu/cuap/gallery/play/pages/Play39.html .
Image of children picking out this toy for the week at a toy loan center.
Children in Urban America. Play and Leisure Photo Gallery.
http://www.marquette.edu/cuap/gallery/play/pages/Play40.html .
Image of a large family picking out their toys.
Children in Urban America. Play and Leisure Photo Gallery.
http://www.marquette.edu/cuap/gallery/play/pages/Play41.html. .
Image of boys in peddle cars and girls with dolls in a toy loan center.
Hopkins, Harry L. The War on Distress. Edited by Howard Zinn. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merril, 1966.
This essay discusses the steps that the government took to help revive the WPA in 1937.
Mason, Alpheus Thomas. Free government in the making: reading in American political thought. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956.
New Deal Network. Milwaukee WI Toy Loan Project Photo Gallery. http://newdeal.feri.org/library/i_3g_ly.htm .
A collection of eight photographs of one of the first Toy Loan Centers in the United States.
Toy Loan History. Toy Loan, History of the Toy Loan Program.
http://dpss.lacounty.gov/dpss/toyloan/history.cfm .
United States. Work Projects Administration. Milwaukee Toy Loan Centers: 1939-1940 Scrapbook.
This is a collection of newspaper clippings, pictures, and a report about the WPA toy loan centers in Milwaukee.

1 comment:

  1. Hi Bridget - I love your website - and I'm very interesting in the Toy Loan History because I also have a project about the WPA titled "You Art What You Eat - I will be working with schools, Boys and Girls Clubs and one of my Volunteer organizations in the Boston and surrounding region - the students and kids will create artwork (murals especially) with allegorical images creating from fruits, veggies and grains - these images will then be created, with help from local Culinary schools, into recipes that the kids will cook and tape for utube - the kids project will incorporate the WPA Arts Project, history of food, local, national and world events happening in the same era etc - I'm an arts and culture researcher and have gathered information over the past two years - I would very much like to refer to your research and collection with your permission - my goal is to bring arts and culture back into our school systems and to find, restore, and document the many WPA Art murals and public projects like buildings, parks, and structures that are still in standing - I hope to encourage the students and teachers etc. to have the kids find these Americana jewels and then raise funds for their restoration and documentation - my husband is a well known sports artist who also has restored WPA Art that was in his high school in Marblehead, MA - I will be creating a website and would very much like to link to yours - Look forward to hearing from you - ck out our website at gilbertart.com - it's woefully outdated but will be updating soon - I'll have a separate site for You Art What You Eat project Linda Jones